Friday, May 22, 2020

Organizations and Awareness towards LGBT Rights, Equality...

America is the country of freedom, where all men and women are treated equal. Sadly, this principle is not true when it comes to one’s sexual orientation. According to the gay bullying statistics from the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community, â€Å"About one fourth of all students from elementary age through high school are the victims of bullying and harassment while on school property because of their race, ethnicity, gender, disability, religion, or sexual orientation.† Being set apart from the norm is the primary reason for this particular type of bullying. To stop this discrimination based on sexual orientation, working with organizations such as Campus Pride or It Gets Better Project, is a step in the right direction.†¦show more content†¦Another way of indirectly bullying someone is by excluding him or her from a social group. This type of bullying is the most common. Another type of bullying similar to indirect bullying is cyber bull ying. Cyber bullying is done over text messaging, email, websites, blogs, social media sites, etc. Jacob Flatten, a college student at University of Green Bay, admits to being bullied about his sexual orientation throughout high school. Jacob states, â€Å"I came out of the closet my sophomore year of high school and my mother was totally understanding, but my father on the other hand, was livid. Still to this day, our relationship was never truly the same.† To summarize, Jacob thought that no one would treat him differently at school but that was not the case. He said that he was never physically abused, but the emotional abuse was almost too much to bear. Jacob said, â€Å"When I had to change in the locker room for sports or gym class, I was forced to change in the bathroom stall because my male classmates felt uncomfortable changing around me.† He says that his mother would have to physically have to drag him out of bed each morning because he did not want to face another day of the emotional abuse. Sadly Jacob states, â€Å"I would get called some of the most harsh names you could think of, they are not worth ever repeating. I truly hope times have changed and teens do not have to goShow MoreRelatedThe Prevention Of Violence And Discrimination Based On Sexual Orientation And Gender Identity1713 Words   |  7 Pagesinto their judicial system, allowing the systematic oppression of the LGBT, leading to violence in the form of hate crimes and even death. The GA3 committee, however, will be dealing with the prevention of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The topic is multi-dimensional in terms of aspects which ranges from deeply rooted prejudice within a culture/country/religion to lack of awareness of the community in order to be accepted. This report aims to educateRead MoreHuman Service Course History Paper1447 Words   |  6 PagesPaper Nikki Boswell Western Washington University â€Æ' Introduction The year is 2015 and I can’t imagine not having the freedom I do today. Marriage equality is a very recent topic in history. It wasn’t very long ago that laws prohibited the marriage of same-sex couples. I have decided to investigate the history of marriage equality and the organizations that helped make the dream come true. In order to fully understand the changes that occurred, and to comprehend the level of discrimination that wasRead MoreChicano Movement Essay1540 Words   |  7 PagesMovement was the Civil Rights Movement for Mexicans that took place in the mid 1960s. Chicano meaning sons and daughters of Mexican immigrants. The Chicano movement had several goals, including rights for field workers, better education for Mexicans and empowerment of Mexicans. The movement was rooted in Los Angeles. In the movement, were different groups to tackle down different goals. The famous activist, Cesar Chavez led one of the groups to fight for field worker rights, which par ticipated inRead MoreLegalization Of Same Sex Marriage1504 Words   |  7 Pagessex marriage, in where some states legalized same sex marriage but there are still some states that have not or even have banned same sex marriage. Every human has the right to love, in this case, marriage is a privilege that everyone should have, the freedom of choosing a partner in their life; therefore the equality of human rights has to be more reinforced and same sex marriage must be legalized in every state in The USA. (add essay map) SAME SEX MARRIAGE IN THE US According to the National ConderenceRead MoreLegal Workplace: Women Overcoming Obstacles Essay1375 Words   |  6 Pagesseriously, especially since women are in a protected class under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act in 1964. Young women, adolescents and children, are being encouraged from a young age to strive for success in the same frame of mind as men. In other words, young women are not being as encouraged to be housewives. Independence is strongly encouraged. Finally, legal workplaces are redesigning their organizations to better accommodate for female specific needs, such as maternity leave. The legal workplaceRead MoreDiscrimination Towards The Lgbtq Community1483 Words   |  6 PagesCarolyn Kasper Mrs. Gallos English 3 6 April 2017 Discrimination Towards the LGBTQ Community We as a society are not doing enough to end the discrimination in the LGBTQ ( Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer) community . There is no reason to discriminate someone for what they do behind closed doors and they should keep their negative words and actions to themselves. No one no matter what they believe in should be discriminated against. Just because someone who is attracted to the sameRead MoreCivil Rights And Same Sex Marriage2166 Words   |  9 Pages Civil rights and same sex marriage is a topic I would love to write my senior paper about. I am very interested in this because especially now, it seems to be all any one is talking about. I go onto Facebook and see friends who have changed their profile pictures to the gay rights equality sign or the gay pride flag. It seems to be everywhere I look. However, my question is, if homosexuality is all around us why is it so hard for people to accept? I understand religion and conservativesRead MoreAnalysis Of Herbert Blumer s Social Movement1738 Words   |  7 Pagespartake in a movement in order to implement change through the use of protests and community involvement to share their goal. Particularly, participants of the LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc,) movement strive to gain equality and acceptance for people of all genders and sexual orientations in modern day society while ending discrimination against these individuals with regards to employment, housing , social opportunity, and more (Levy, 2015). This particular social movement illustratesRead MoreLgbt Views On Lgbt Rights Movement Essay1598 Words   |  7 Pages The LGBT Rights Movement (in which LGBT stands for â€Å"lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender†) dates its beginnings back to almost a century in the United States. The movement aims to bring equality and acceptance on all platforms of life to those who identify as LGBT. Whether it be in the workplace, in school, or even in church, LGBT individuals have historically been discriminated against across the globe. While the overt and systemic discrimination against those who identify as LGBT has subsidedRead MoreThe People Have Made Outstanding Progress On Their Goal Essay2092 Words   |  9 Pagespansexual (LGBT+) community, such as the Orlando gay nightclub shooting, are one of the common occurrences, right behind racial attacks (Saul). LGBT people have made outstanding progress on their goal to reach equality. For example, same-sex couples now have the right to adopt children in all the states of America and thanks to President Obama, federal workers cannot be discriminated upon sexual orientation or gender identity (Clinton). Although the LGBT community has civil rights that should

Friday, May 8, 2020

The Election of 1824 Essay - 969 Words

The election of 1824 is one of the most unique and interesting elections in American history. The four candidates in the election were William Crawford, Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, and Andrew Jackson. They were all from the Jacksonian Republican Party. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;William H. Crawford was very experienced in politics. Before running for president in 1824, he was James Monroe’s secretary of war and he was also secretary of treasury under Monroe and James Madison. He also served in congress as an U.S. Senator from Georgia. He was a minister to France from 1813 thru 1815. Prior to the election of 1824, Crawford had a stroke and was nearly blinded. Despite his health, the Congressional caucuses selected Crawford for their†¦show more content†¦After leaving the House, he served in the Senate. In the war of 1812, Jackson became one the major generals of the war and he became the national hero of the war when he defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans. After this battle people nationwide started calling him â€Å"Old Hickory.†3 Jackson said his main concern if he was president would be the internal improvements to the nation to guarantee national defense and he claimed adherence to a â€Å"jud icious tariff.†4 nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;John Quincy Adams, the son of former president John Adams, had a very rich political background prior to the election of 1824. In 1803, he was elected to the senate. He spent a few years in the senate, and then in 1809, James Madison appointed Adams his minister to St. Petersburg. He helped to bring about the end of The War of 1812 by help negotiate the Treaty of Ghent in 1814. After the war was over he became the minister to London in 1815. Then in 1817, James Monroe appointed Adams his secretary of state.5 Adams supported protective tariffs and federal programs that were intended for internal improvements. He was also had a much more formal manner than the other candidates.6 As for the election, Andrew Jackson had the most popular votes with 153,544. John Quincy Adams came in second with 108,740. Coming in third and fourth respectively were William Crawford and Henry Clay. Crawford had 46,618 votes and Clay had 47,136.Show MoreRelatedThe Men Of The 1824 Election1177 Words   |  5 PagesThe Men of the 1824 Election The political climate of 1824 was turbulent, a dynamic and would alter the history of the United States of America for the foreseeable future. â€Å"The 1824 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION marked the final collapse of the Republican-Federalist political framework. For the first time no candidate ran as a Federalist, while five significant candidates competed as Democratic-Republicans.† (ushistory.org) James Monroe was the President of the United States of America (P.O.TRead MoreThe Presidential Election Of 1824872 Words   |  4 PagesDuring the election of 1824, there were five candidates for the president. The election of 1824 was the fall of the Federalist Party that never would rise to power again. All the candidates were Democratic-Republican, but that didn’t seem to weigh heavily on the outcome of the election of 1824. The two front runners were John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson that would be decided by the House of Representatives because of the Twelve Ame ndment to the Constitution states the House will decide by majorityRead MoreValidity And Reliability Of The Election Of 18241381 Words   |  6 Pagesheavily on theoretical data especially in relation to elections taking place in the nineteenth century. Because of this one might question the validity and reliability of the conclusions. The sources I used to reach those conclusions are qualitative and they aim to understand why the elections have turned out the way they ultimately did. Some numerical data exists for the 2000 election and I will utilize those figures in relation to that election to explore corruption. While the information will beRead MoreAndrew Jackson s Views On The Election Of 18241483 Words   |  6 Pagesto presidency was unique. In the election of 1824, there were four main candidates, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William H. Crawford, and Andrew Jackson. Jackson gained the most popular votes of the four Democratic-Republican candidates, but not the majority of electoral votes to win the election. Henry Clay, who was eliminated from the election, held a decisive position as the speaker of the House of Representatives. Clay was in a position to throw the election to the candidate of his choice. ClayRead MoreThe Election of 1928 for US President664 Words   |  3 PagesThe election of 1828 marked a major turning point in America political history. A new style of substance became the rule. New techniques of mass mobilization, such as campaign advertising, public speeches, and other kinds of political propaganda became essential to running a successful campaign. Three main factors contributed to the rise of a new kind of politics by the election of 1828, the contentious presidential election of 1824, the expansion of the voting right and the American economic BoomRead MoreDefinition Of Deference On White Males1104 Words   |  5 Pagespresidential nominee for the election of 1824 who were the other four candidates in this election? The Republican caucus chose William Crawford, Monroe’s secretary of the Treasury, as their presidential nominee for the election of 1824. The other four candidates in this election were John Quincy Adams, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, and General Andrew Jackson. 4. What occurred in this election which was similar to the election of 1800? In both 1800 and 1824, the election was decided in the House ofRead MoreComparing Hillary Clinton And Donald Trump Essay1647 Words   |  7 PagesThese are the Two Worst Candidates in History Throughout the history of the American presidential elections there has never been an election that is being dread this much. The choices for the election are Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. Hillary Clinton has spent years in politics, and has held both the position Secretary of State and First Lady. She is well known for the federal investigation into her and the corruption of the Clinton Foundation. Trump on the other hand, is a very successful businessmanRead MoreThe Andrew Jackson s War On Against The U.s. Bank848 Words   |  4 PagesThe Purpose of this essay is to discuss the Andrew Jackson Administration. I will first talk about Jackson’s war on against the U.S. Bank. Second, I will talk about the Presidential election of 1824, 1828, and 1832. Third, I will talk about the Indian Removal Act as well as the Trail of Tears. Fourth, the ways in which Jackson expanded the power of the president. Fifth and final, the Nullification Crisis of 1832. The Bank of the United States was technically the second bank of the U.S. since theRead MoreThe War Of North Carolina1089 Words   |  5 Pagesconstitutional convention in 1795, then Tennessee s first congressman, then a senator. He resigned his Senate post after one year to take a job closer to home, as judge of Tennessee s superior court. In 1802 he challenged Governor John Sevier for election as major general in command of the state militia. Jackson s senior by more than twenty years, Sevier was a veteran of the Revolution and of many Indian campaigns, and the state s leading politician. Jackson beat him for the generalship, but theRead MoreThe War Of North Carolina1089 Words   |  5 Pagesconstitutional convention in 1795, then Tennessee s first congressman, then a senator. He resigned his Senate post after one year to take a job closer to home, as judge of Tennessee s superior court. In 1802 he challenged Governor John Sevier for election as major general in command of the s tate militia. Jackson s senior by more than twenty years, Sevier was a veteran of the Revolution and of many Indian campaigns, and the state s leading politician. Jackson beat him for the generalship, but the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Toyota Motoring Manufacturing Free Essays

1) How does the andon procedure work and what are its fundamental aspects? How much does it cost to stop the line? What are the benefits of stopping the line? The andon procedure is adopted by Toyota Motor Manufacturing to ensure quality of their products. It involves the pulling of the andon cord whenever production at a work station is unable to be completed within the cycle time, or whenever any problem is faced. Pulling the andon cord will alert the team leader to the station. We will write a custom essay sample on Toyota Motoring Manufacturing or any similar topic only for you Order Now If the problem can be corrected immediately, assembly is resumed by pulling the andon cord again. However, if the team leader is unable to solve the problem, the line is stopped. With this process, Toyota is able to manufacture quality products and prevent defective products from being transferred on to the next station. This is in line with Toyota’s principle of jidoka where problems are instantly detected and production is stopped whenever a problem is detected. However, stopping the line will reduce the flow time of the car assembly and flow rate of the production. As more time is required to produce the cars, worker overtime costs will be incurred. According to the case, line stoppages caused a shortfall of 45 cars per shift. These cars could have been sold in the market instead. Thus, line stoppages caused lost revenue (opportunity cost) for these 45 cars. In analyzing the costs for stopping the line, we assume that hourly wage per team leader is set at a 6. 5% premium. We assume 769 team members are spread equally between the two shifts. We assume that each worker causes an average of 1 line stop per shift. The number of shortfalls in a shift is based on that in April 1992 i. e. 45 cars. The breakdown of costs incurred to stop the line is as follows: Hourly Wage per Team MemberHourly Wage per Team Leader (6. 5% premium)Overwage rate per Team MemberOvertime Wage Rate per Team Leader 1718. 10525. 527. 1575 Number of Shortfalls per Shift45 Number of Shifts2 Total Team Members769 No. of Team Members per Shift (769/2)384 Number of Team Leaders per Shift102 Number of Stops per Worker per Shift1 Number of Stops per Shift384 Overtime per Car (57s/3600)hrs0. 0158333 Total Overtime Cost per Shift ($)8950. 4713 Overtime Cost per Stop ($)23. 308519 Lost Revenue per Stop (0. 17 x 18,500 x 45)/384368. 5469 Tota Cost Incurred per Stop ($)391. 86 Benefits of stopping the line is to reduce wastage as defects are detected early and problems can be solved earlier before the defect is passed on to the next station. 2) What are the underlying causes of the problems facing Doug Friesen? The main problem faced is a decrease in run ratio, which measured the numbers of cars actually assemble d in proportion to the number of cars that could have been assembled with no line stoppages, from 95% to 85%. This drop also led to a shortfall of 45 cars per shift, which had to be made up with overtime. The underlying causes are as follow: †¢The combination of seats, which resulted from by the variety of Toyota Camry, has increased the probability of defects or human error. †¢Problems are not solved at the point where the defect is detected and the defective cars remained in the assembly line until they are moved to the Code 1 clinic area for further inspection and quality control. Solving problems at the end of the assembly line could be more difficult or require more time than at the spot where the problem was first detected. This is because the car at the end of the assembly line has already been completely assembled thus, making amendments to specific components could be more challenging. †¢There is a long waiting time for the delivery of replacement seats from KFS to TMM. This led to an increase in inventory in the overflow parking area where the cars waited for KFS’ special delivery. 3) How, if at all, does the current routine for handling defective seats deviate from the principles of the Toyota Production System (TPS)? The current routine deviates from the TPS principles of Jidoka and Just-in-Time (JIT) production. JIT Principle TPSCurrent Routine (deviation) Produces only what was needed, how much was needed, and only when it was needed. Any deviation from true production needs was condemned as waste. Defective cars remain in inventory and some have to wait for replacement seats to be delivered. Cars are not produced at maximum capacity. Thus, consumer demand is not met on time. Jidoka Principle TPSCurrent Routine (deviation) Make any production problems instantly self-evident and stop producing whenever the problem was detected. Insisted on building in quality in the production process and condemned any deviation from value-addition as waste. Does not follow the jidoka principle – instead of stopping production and waiting for the new seat to arrive then fixing the seat before production restarts, Toyota continues with production and only fixes the seats after production ends 4) As Doug Friesen, what would you do to address the seat problem? Where would you focus your attention and solution efforts? What options exist? What would you recommend? Why? There are several solutions to address the seat problem in the manufacturing process. These solutions are non-exclusive and could be implemented together. Solution 1: Decrease the error caused by variability in car seat styles. This can be done by investing in training staff so that they will be proficient in handling the variety of seat styles for respective cars and reduce the defect rate caused by human error. Another way is to assemble the cars in batches based on its respective seat styles as this method of production decreases the chance of human error as well since production will be more uniform. However, batching violates Toyota’s ‘Heijunka’ principle. Solution 2: Toyota could also consider the option of repairing the damaged seat immediately rather than allowing it to through the entire process first and congregating at the end of the line; in other words, to put the practice of jidoka into play. All staff involved in the production line will then have to be more critical in ensuring the best quality of the seats, and stop the production line once a defect is realized. However, repair staff would need to be well equipped to handle the situation. Furthermore, this solution requires the production line to stop, thus incurring costs. Solution 3: Switch to another seat supplier or source for additional suppliers to ease the current load on KFS since the current supplier delivers poor quality of seats which causes the problem in the manufacturing process. However, having more than 1 supplier may result in differences across the finished goods as it is difficult for two suppliers to provide identical seats. Solution 4: Stock safety inventory to use it as a buffer for the defective seats so as to decrease the wait time required to deliver replacement seats. However, having excess seat inventory will incur inventory cost. It is also against the JIT principal which hallmarks Toyota. Solution 5: Seats can be redesign such as changing plastic hooks back to metal to reduce the probability of one of the problems for defective seats, which is a broken hook. The focus of the solution should be aimed at improving the internal process problem which is decreasing the human error caused by variability of car seat style and also improving external process problem which is the quality of the car seats supplier. As show in Exhibit 8, the main cause of defective seats comes from the poor quality of seats delivered by the supplier. Therefore it is vital that we would firstly have to improve the delivered seats and Toyota can do so by bringing up this issue to the management at KFS. Toyota must demand for better quality products and if the problem continues due to poor quality of seats, Toyota should then source for additional suppliers to cover up for the lack of quality sets supplied by KFS. Once the external problem has been handled, Toyota must look at ways to improve the capabilities of its production line staff. By training them to handle the various seat styles for respective cars, it increases the skill level of the workers and hence decreases the probability of making an error. However, Toyota will incur training cost but these costs will reflect savings in the long run if its staff would make less errors hence improving the run ratio of the production line. How to cite Toyota Motoring Manufacturing, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

The Courage to Survive free essay sample

Film Aron Ralston, an individual from the film 127 hours whom impressed me greatly as a viewer with his great courage and persistence displayed when stacked against mountainous odds to survive being trapped in a Utah Canyon for 127 hours, displaying the fact that ‘There is no force more powerful then the will to survive. ’ Aron was faced with much adversity throughout the text and his courage to overcome this, really inspired me. This was evident in the film when Aron’s arm was trapped under a boulder. He showed extreme courage by cutting off his own arm to escape. I feel if in this situation many people especially myself, could not pluck up the courage to do such a thing. For this reason I have a lot of respect for the character Aron, and cannot comprehend how much pain he must have gone through to turn his adversity into triumph. Persistence was a value I felt Aron displayed throughout the film. We will write a custom essay sample on The Courage to Survive or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He never gave up or took the easy option when the odds were stacked against his survival. I thought an example of this in the text was when his arm was trapped underneath the boulder and new it was nearly impossible to get it free. He didn’t let this stop him and kept going for 127 hours, fighting off the easy option to let this challenge be his end. He eventually escaped not giving up till he found safety. The things that Aron achieved while in that canyon I think is something a very select amount of people could do. This showed me that he knew he could do it and kept something very close to him in a place that already seemed like hell. Hope. I think this uplifting film showed us a firsthand view of a man’s true character in the darkest of times. I really have appreciation for Aron Ralston and regard him highly. I wish if one day I was in the same situation I could handle as well as he did and not lose sight of what is really important. William Miles 11RK

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Thesis Edith Wharton and New York Essay

Thesis Edith Wharton and New York Essay Thesis: Edith Wharton and New York Essay Edith Wharton Edith Wharton, born on January 24, 1862, in New York City, NY, wrote about the corrupt society of New York’s elite, which she had been a part of throughout her life. Her parents were very prominent on the social scene. George Jones of â€Å"keeping up with the Joneses† and Lucretia Stevens Rhinelander introduced Wharton and her two brothers to the harsh, judgmental society of the New York elite. From her birth, gossip was spread about who Wharton’s real father was. It was believed that her mother cheated on her father with the family’s English tutor, who was Wharton’s real dad. The truth has not been proven, but Wharton believed the rumors. After the Civil War, her parents moved the family to Europe because it was safer there than it was in the states at the time. Throughout her childhood, Wharton’s family travelled between Europe and various places in the American Northeast. By age 18, Wharton had begun to publish poems in magazines and had become very prominent in society, like her parents. She fell in love with a man, Walter Berry; however, she became engaged to an older, wealthier Bostonian, Edward Wharton. In 1885, they were married. Wharton began by writing design books, like The Decoration of Houses, published in 1897. In 1902, her estate, The Mount, was finished in Lenox, MA, where The House of Mirth was written. Edith and her husband travelled back and forth between their estate in Lenox, MA, and Europe. Edward Wharton’s mental state was diminishing around 1908, the same time when Wharton began to have an affair with Morton Fullerton, whom she found to be an intellectual partner in contrast with her husband. They were divorced in 1913, two years after Wharton moved to Europe permanently. In 1920, The Age of Innocence was published, which is thought of as her best book and earned Wharton the Pulitzer prize in 1921; the first time it had ever been awarded to a woman. Throughout her years, she socialized w ith the most elite of the time, including Theodore Roosevelt and F. Scott Fitzgerald. Her long-time love, Walter Berry, never fully left her life until he died in 1927. When Wharton died of a stroke on August 11, 1937, she was buried next to Berry in the American Cemetery in Versailles, France. Springer, Marlene. â€Å"Edith Newbold Jones Wharton.† American Women Writers. Vol. 4. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1982. Print. â€Å"Wharton, Edith (Newbold Jones) (1862-1937). â€Å"Benet’s Reader’s Encyclopedia of American Literature. George B. Perkins, and Philip Leininger. Vol. 1. New York: Harper Collins, 1991. 1119. Literature Resource Center. 29 Jan. 2013. Outline I. Introduction A. Thesis: In The Age of Innocence and The House of Mirth, Wharton illustrates society’s harsh influence on individuals through the characters Newland and Lily as they face a decision to stick to what society wants or to follow their hearts to ultimate happiness. Through these characters’ decisions, Wharton reveals the negative consequences of conforming to society rather than following one’s heart and passion. B. Newland’s choice between innocence and passion C. Lily’s struggle to live the life society wants for her II. Newland Archer A. His life and attitude before he meets Ellen; the life he thinks he wants with May B. The shift in thought he has after meeting Ellen; the choice arises between society’s influence and his passion C. Newland’s decision and the aftermath of his decision D. How the title relates to the innocence of May versus the passion of Ellen III. Lily Bart A. Her desire to fit in to society’s mold and lack of personal decision making while still wanting independence B. The decision she faces to conform to money or marry Selden C. Aftermath of her decision and Selden moving on after her D. Her demise and inability to live her dreams after she chooses to E. How the title relates to Lily’s foolishness while trying to fit in to

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Battle of Cedar Creek - The Battle of Cedar Creek - Civil War 1864

Battle of Cedar Creek - The Battle of Cedar Creek - Civil War 1864 Battle of Cedar Creek - Conflict Date: The Battle of Cedar Creek was fought October 19, 1864, during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Armies Commanders Union Major General Philip H. Sheridan31,945 men Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early21,000 men Battle of Cedar Creek - Moving to Contact: After a succession of defeats at the hands of Major General Philip Sheridans Army of the Shenandoah in early fall 1864, Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early retreated up the Shenandoah Valley to regroup. Believing that Early was beaten, Sheridan began making plans to return Major General Horatio Wrights VI Corps to Petersburg to aid in Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grants efforts to take the city. Understanding the valleys importance as a source of food and supplies for his army, General Robert E. Lee dispatched reinforcements to Early. With his army augmented, Early pushed north to Fishers Hill on October 13, 1864. Learning of this, Sheridan recalled VI Corps to his armys camp along Cedar Creek. Though alarmed by Earlys move, Sheridan still elected to attend a conference in Washington and left Wright in command of the army. Returning, Sheridan spent the night of October 18/19 at Winchester, approximately fourteen miles north of Cedar Creek. While Sheridan was away, Major General John Gordon and topographical engineer Jedediah Hotchkiss ascended Massanutten Mountain and surveyed the Union position. From their vantage point, they determined that the Union left flank was vulnerable. Wright believed that it was protected by the North Fork of the Shenandoah River and had arrayed the army to repel an attack on its right. Developing a daring attack plan, the two presented it to Early who immediately approved it. At Cedar Creek, the Union army was in camp with Major General George Crooks VII Corps near the river, Major General William Emorys XIX Corps in the center, and Wrights VI Corps on right. On the far right was Major General Alfred Torberts Cavalry Corps with divisions led by Brigadier Generals Wesley Merritt and George Custer. On the night of October 18/19, Earlys command moved out in three columns. Marching by moonlight, Gordon led a three-division column along the base of Massanutten to McInturffs and Colonel Bowmans fords. Capturing the Union pickets, they crossed the river and formed on Crooks left flank around 4:00 AM. To the west, Early moved north up the Valley Turnpike with the divisions of Major General Joseph Kershaw and Brigadier General Gabriel Wharton. Battle of Cedar Creek - The Fighting Begins: Moving through Strasburg, Early remained with Kershaw as the division moved right and formed just past Bowmans Mill Ford. Wharton continued up the turnpike and deployed on Hupps Hill. Though a heavy fog descended on the field around dawn, the battle commenced at 5:00 AM when Kershaws men opened fire and advanced on Crooks front. A few minutes later, Gordons assault began again Brigadier General Rutherford B. Hayes division on Crooks left. Catching the Union troops by surprise in their camps, the Confederates succeeded in quickly routing Crooks men. Believing that Sheridan was at nearby Belle Grove plantation, Gordon drove his men on in the hopes of capturing the Union general. Alerted to the danger, Wright and Emory began working to form a defensive line along the Valley Turnpike. As this resistance began to take shape, Wharton attacked across Cedar Creek at Stickleys Mill. Taking the Union lines to his front, he men captured seven guns. Under heavy pressure and fire from Confederate artillery across the creek, Union forces were steadily pushed back past Belle Grove. With Crook and Emorys corps badly beaten, VI Corps formed a strong defensive line anchored on Cedar Creek and covering the higher ground north of Bell Grove. Repulsing attacks from Kershaw and Gordons men, they provided time for their comrades to retreat to the north of nearby Middletown. Having halted Earlys attacks, VI Corps withdrew as well. While the infantry regrouped, Torberts cavalry, having defeated a weak thrust by Brigadier General Thomas Rossers Confederate horse, moved to the left of the new Union line above Middletown. This movement caused Early to shift troops to meet the potential threat. Advancing north of Middletown, Early formed a new line opposite the Union position, but failed to press his advantage believing he had already won a victory and due to many of his men having halted to pillage the Union camps. Having learned of the fighting, Sheridan departed Winchester and, riding at high speed, arrived on the field around 10:30 AM. Quickly assessing the situation, he placed VI Corps on the left, along the Valley Pike and XIX Corps on the right. Crooks shattered corps was put in reserve. Battle of Cedar Creek - The Tide Turns: Shifting Custers division to his right flank, Sheridan rode across the front of his new line to rally the men before preparing a counterattack. Around 3:00 PM, Early launched a minor attack which was easily defeated. Thirty minutes later XIX Corps and Custer advanced against the Confederate left which was in the air. Extending his line west, Custer thinned Gordons division which was holding Earlys flank. Then launching a massive assault, Custer overran Gordons men causing the Confederate line to start breaking from west to east. At 4:00 PM, with Custer and XIX Corps having success, Sheridan ordered a general advance. With Gordon and Kershaws men breaking on the left, Major General Stephen Ramseurs division mounted a stiff defense in the center until their commander fell mortally wounded. His army disintegrating, Early began retreating south, pursued by Union cavalry. Harried until after dark, Early lost most of his artillery when the bridge at Spanglers Ford collapsed. Aftermath of the Battle of Cedar Creek: In the fighting at Cedar Creek, Union forces suffered 644 dead, 3,430 wounded, and 1,591 missing/captured, while the Confederates lost 320 dead, 1,540 wounded, 1050 missing/captured. In addition, Early lost 43 guns and the bulk of his supplies. Having failed to retain the momentum of the mornings successes, Early was overwhelmed by Sheridans charismatic leadership and ability to rally his men. The defeat effectively gave control of the valley to the Union and eliminated Earlys army as an effective force. In addition, coupled with Union successes at Mobile Bay and Atlanta, the victory virtually ensured the re-election of President Abraham Lincoln.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Business strategy Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words - 1

Business strategy - Case Study Example Since this affluent market segment is very important for AFJ’s success, competition with international brands becomes a matter of great concern. In addition to these, Azza Fahmy also faces competition from small jewelry retailers. This is a mostly young, newly emerging small scale production competition. Even though they are not as organized or powerful as established brands or retailers, AFJ has to keep an eye out for them because they are very innovative in their designs and very nimble in their use of various market distribution channels like social networking websites. Azza Fahmy has gone through a massive restructuring process over the last few years in order to expand and remodel itself and consequently move toward the international jewelry market. For this the company has undertaken many steps in two main transitional phases. Azza Fahmy has decided to present her company to the international market as the ‘first Egyptian luxury brand’ and firmly establish the company locally and internationally. The steps taken during AFJ;s transition have been geared towards transforming the company from a small workshop with a small number of operating craftsmen into a full blown business organization. During this process, new departments vital to the functioning of any big business organization were added to AFJ, for example Human Resource Department, Marketing Department, Managing Department and Quality Control Department. Furthermore, Azza Fahmy’s two daughters also joined the business and took up important managerial positions, transfo rming the business into a family business. During the first part of the restructuring transition, Azza Fahmy opened a new factory in 2003. The company now has around 180 employees working under it with Azza Fahmy at the helm as the founder, CEO and head designer. The second phase of the transition was when one of Azza’s daughters